Dicas para crescer a tua própria comida, Auto-suficiência, Permacultura, Agriculture biológica e biodinâmica, Horticultura, Práticas ambientais, Crescer vegetais em vasos, Plantas selvagens comestíveis, Ervas medicinais e aromáticas
Receita para 20 sabonetes Ingredientes: 1020ml de azeite, 120g de soda cáustica (hidróxido de sódio), 360ml de água preferencialmente de nascente ou das chuvas, balde de plástico, colher de pau, luvas para protecção, vinagre, especiarias ou óleos essenciais para dar aroma e textura. Nota de precaução: a soda cáustica é bastante corrosiva em contacto com a pele. Usar sempre luvas até que o sabão esteja sólido. Adcionar apenas a soda à água e nunca o contrário! A adição liberta bastante calor. Em caso de salpicos neutralizar com vinagre. A soda é vendida em drogarias (ter cuidado para escolher soda sem qualquer outro químico adicionado!)
Procedimento: aquecer ligeiramente o azeite. Adicionar lentamente e com cuidado a soda à água, num balde de plástico. Mexer com a colher de pau. Quando terminar adicionar lentamente o azeite à água. Mexer durante 20min e depois esporadicamente durante dois dias até que a mistura comece a ficar sólida. Em alternativa, pode usar uma varinha mágica durante aprox 15min (a varinha fica inutilizada para uso alimentar). Assim que a mistura atinja uma consistência espessa verter para os moldes (podem ser caixas de bolachas, cartão/plástico ou meias-embalagens de leite). Adicionar só nesta altura algumas gotas de óleos essenciais (alfazema, jasmim...) para dar perfume, especiarias para dar cor (canela...) ou flocos de aveia ou raspas de côco como esfoliante (são opcionais estas adições). Deixar repousar durante duas semanas antes de usar. Este sabonete pode ser usado para tomar banho sendo o seu pH após as duas semanas completamente neutro para a pele (se usadas as proporções indicadas)
Óleo a usar: outro óleo alimentar pode ser usado, o azeite dá um sabonete de excelente textura e suavidade para a pele mas demora bastante tempo (mais de um dia) a solidificar. Caso usem outro óleo usem a calculadora em http://www.thesage.com/index.html para determinar os volumes a adicionar. Os restos de óleos alimentares de frituras para podem reciclados para fazer um sabão de pobre qualidade para lavar a roupa (mas não incluir óleos de fritura de peixe ou carne)
Alternativas ainda mais ecológicas: neste momento, estámos a pesquisar fazer mais sabões com métodos mais amigáveis ainda do ambiente. Este sabão já o é bastante e para a pele, ao passo que praticamente todos os sabões convencionais contém químicos perigosos para a saúde e ambiente. É um sabão idêntico aos vendidos como produtos naturais. As alternativas em questão, envolvem o uso de água com cinzas filtrada em alternativa à soda, ou sabão feito de plantas como a saponária cujas folhas fervidas fazem espuma naturalmente. Um outro método de limpeza da pele, envolve o uso de argila, ou infusões de outras plantas. Assim que optizemos um destes métodos, escreveremos aqui no blogue.
It is naive to assume mulching solves all problems related to fast drying of soil in our container gardening. It is also naive to assume that our self-sufficiency is so assure and so easy. Well, although beautiful I still feel I have to listen more and more to the rhytmus of nature as permaculture often states. Its beggining to become a very warm dry spring and container gardening needs watering nearly every day. After a weekend and a small period out, and strong ways of avoiding drying are needed. I arrived today after weekend with several plants wilted. I will put more plants in more shadow conditions, and arrange them in a way that some will provide shade for others (and even using materials such as cardboard for shading) I feel happy so many things unknown. I feel like a little child on the arms of Mother Nature. :-)
Path to Freedom, a very curious urban self-sufficient familiar project, puts water saving coming with very smart solutions. Please read Water wise ways
O Amor Incondicional, isto é, sem intenções nem condições, é o melhor dom que podemos dar e partilhar aos outros. É o melhor dom que podemos fazer por ajudar a preservar o planeta Terra, por ajudar os mais próximos de nós, o melhor que podemos contribuir para ajudar a sociedade...
O Amor Incondicional é algo simples e natural. Não é preciso mais nada. Basta amar os outros. Basta sentirmos espontaneamente a surgir do nosso peito. Confiar no poder deste amor e confiar na vida. Basta não entrar numa espiral de pensamentos negativos e basta não nos fecharmos a esta sensibilidade. E assim manifestar a realidade mais bela...
Amor Incondicional esteja com todos vós. Generosamente a todos. Carinhosamente a todos. Humildemente a todos.
Abraços verdes e fraternais. Apelo a todos que pelo menos experimentem as delícias de cultivar os vossos próprios vegetais e plantas medicinais!
Its official. After my happiness of harvesting my first peas and radish, I noticed that a pest in growing on my garden: cabbage maggot. These white larvae appears when flies put their eggs under rotten organic matter (and since I mulch plants...). Please search google for cabbage maggot for more information. They are white small larvae and very abundant in eating the roots of my brocculi and they lead to dead already of half of the young turnips. When I was harvesting the radish a few were also with these but the worse is the brocculi as I noticed they were wilting (and I though it was the warm weather) and now leaves are getting pale and a bit of purple colour (since they are eating the roots!) I unroot two plants, wash well the roots and transplanted them to two containers to see what happens (brocculi usually get well with transplanting).
I read that biological control exists for controlling cabbage maggots but information is not consistent. Eventually, mint, thyme, sage, garlic, marigolds and tansy may help. I will experiment with these. I also read that parasitic wasps (Carrots, Alfalfa, Goldenrod, Horehound, Yarrow, White Clover attract these) and Diatomaceous earth (but these algae may be toxic) are described to kill and control the larvae.
Well, I feel sorry to use these words. In truth I respect Mother Nature as I am on of his sons, a tiny part of her and thus I will try to hear her messages and feel her equilibrium. I can only ask her a healing of those plants as I could have more biological organic local food grown for eating and showing my friends and companions how to grow their own food. I will add more news in soon! Love to all*
Well, been five days away with nice sunny spring days and after i came I found a beautiful garden growing but soil dries pretty fast when grow these edibles in containers. I have made some useful insights for container gardening and grow your own vegetables.
First, important conditions include the size of your container, number and spacement of plants, number of direct sunlight hours and type of soil. These will make your plants dry too fast or more slowly. Plan these.
Tips for avoiding soil drying in containers: 1- your plants covering the soil with dried leaves and moss. Do not leave the soil naked! 2- plant them in ideal soil, very rich in organic matter and very dark and turfa-like, fine appearance textura 3- put a small dish for collecting water after you water the containers (it will keep the soil more humid) 4- keep plants which love sunlight with plenty of sunlight (such as tomatoes, potatoes, brocculi, peas) having the care to water them plenty. Put others such as spinach, lettuce and arugula in partial sunlight since they grow well in half-shadow.
Conditions for growing: Brocculi- they were growing fast under very sunny conditions (all day) and liking some urine fertilization but now I changed them to slighty less sunny conditions as they are demanding more water nad drying fast. Two are already with a small flower bud! But they love sun and dislike rain weather, although they demand a fair ammount of water. 3 plants per 20x20cm container Cabbage- similar to brocculi but withstand more dry conditions; they also love urine fertilization. 3 plants per container Brussels sprouts- these are more sensible; they are less hardy than the formers and I cover them during cold nights with plastic bottles, now they began growing really fast and want plenty of water and sunny conditions (but not much to dry them)- 3 plants per 20x35cm container Tomatoes- these love sun and humid conditions. do not put them under cold and do not let them dry. they are small but growing very well. Peas- curiously I have fertilize these, maybe you may do it when they are growing small in February, later stop as they fix their own nitrogen. they are flowering and fruiting much, and demand mainly sunny conditions and withstand some dry soil but not much. 4 plants per 20x20cm containers but they can grow even more tight as long as soil is good and have good water conditions. I will harvest a big amount of these this week! Chickpeas- these are starting to flower but flowers are a bit weak maybe since weather was cold. they prefer sunny weather and humid and good soils. they want space, i put 4 plants per 20x20 containers and I will wait to see if they will fruit well Lentils- similar to chick peas but they prefer a bit more shadow (maybe half-day sunlight as in my warm open balcony). They want humid soils although they can withstand dry soils for some time. They liked urine fertilization in me case. 4 plants per container, not more as they will dry easily. Try grow all these legumes in definitive place and avoid transplanting. Radish- give some space, good soil and do not let them dry. Put on sunny conditions with half-day direct sunlight, good water conditions and maybe you may fertilize a bit on the beggining. They grew really well with legumes and fast. Avoid transplating. I am harvesting these and the bigger are the ones grown together with the peas, chick peas and lentils. They taste good! Strawberries- ok in sunny humid conditions. Not too much sun. Once in a while I eat from these. Arugula- they withstand although they dont prefer cold or very sunny weather. They will do better in half-sunny and humid soils but they withstand well dry conditions too (at least until now). They enjoy urine fertilization. I will wait to see if they grow better in sunny and shadow conditions. Endive- similar to previous but enjoy more half-shadow conditions (away from strong sunlight) and humid soils and with urine fertilization. If weather is more warm (or covered with plastic bottles) they will grow faster! 10cm spaced Lettuce- in half-shadow, protect from cold and do not let they dry nor water too much (they will die easily). fertilize but be aware of overwater or nitrogen burning. 10cm spaced. I have only harvested once. Spinach- these are growing really well after they were transplanted on a 10cm distance and plenty of urine fertilization and half-shadow conditions. Weather is also not cold. Very fast growers. Thyme- they are growing well but slowly in sun and half-shadow conditions and they seem to enjoy some urine fertilization. I currently use these in food. Oregano- they prefer sunny weather but they will want plenty of water as they grow really fast. Natural fertilization will speed them even more. Grow them with brocculi as I did (they do well together). Very fast growers. Cereals- grow them in very sunny conditions in winter and in spring in half-shadow and fertilize a lot. They are ok with water, you can water them plenty as they will grow with all plants tight one another. They are growing taller now, in a nice green confusion. It should flower soon. Turnips- do not transplant, they will not do well. they dont like dry, they dont like very wet (they will rot). they prefer half-shadow, half-sunny. Mines are not very well and I think it was because I have transplanted them two months ago. However, the tiny plants smell like turnip! Carrots- put these in half-shadow, humid good soil. they will do well, and add a garlic as companion plant on a 20x20 container. Avoid transplanting! They are really slow growers but mines are already showing signs of enlargment. And they smell like carrots! Garlic- one has died; the other two are not growing that well. They seem to prefer sunny and humid but not very wet conditions. Onions- these are growing well on very sunny and humid conditions Cumins and Coriander- these are growing slowly slowly. Lets wait to see what happens. Coriander smell a lot! Peppermint- incredibly fast growing. I make tea with the leaves very often. Very good flavour. Fast growers in half-shadow conditions, they withstand some dry soil, but water them well.
I also order some (organic) seeds from Tamar Organics (UK) and these should arrive tomorrow.
Green gathering in April, in Portugal, about natural and sustainable practices
In next weekend after Easter, in 13, 14, 15 (friday, saturday and sunday) there will occur the portuguese Green Gathering, near Tábua, one hour from the main city of Coimbra.
The meeting is entirely non-formal, based on a communal and ecological basis, with volunteering, common tasks and workshops about natural practices, self-sufficiency, community and even some spiritual ones. The common kitchen has vegetarian food and there are morning meetings for delivering everyone's tasks.
The participants stay in camping tents, in the beautiful forest place of the small-holding of Quinta da Cabeça do Mato. This meeting is of importance in a time where in the world we have these discussion about self-sufficiency, energy solutions, and where each of us has a role in giving his contribution to the planet.
More information in http://vidaverde.eco-gaia.net/ e http://www.quintacabecadomato.blogspot.com